What Test Are Done in a Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory?

The world of veterinary medicine is as fascinating as it is essential, particularly when it comes to the diagnostic laboratory. Here, various cutting-edge tests and procedures are conducted to ensure our beloved animals are at the peak of health. So, what happens behind the scenes in a veterinary diagnostic laboratory?

The Importance of Diagnostic Tests

Diagnostic tests are crucial in veterinary medicine, offering valuable insights into an animal’s health. They help to identify underlying issues, monitor ongoing conditions, and evaluate the efficacy of treatments. When quick, accurate diagnoses are paramount, these tests are the unsung heroes.

Common Tests Done in a Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory

Veterinary Hematology and Biochemistry

Two of the most common tests conducted are related to hematology and biochemistry. They examine blood samples for issues like infections, anemia, and immune response. Veterinary hematology reflects the number and types of cells in the blood, while veterinary biochemistry provides insights into organ function.

Animal Disease Diagnosis

For effective disease diagnosis, clinical pathology is key. It dives deep into various diagnostic procedures, including cytological examination, which studies cells to detect abnormalities. Clinicians also often rely on diagnostic imaging techniques like ultrasound and MRI scans to diagnose various animal diseases.

A pivotal part of the clinical pathology spectrum is vet radiology. This imaging modality gives vets a non-invasive view of animals’ bodies, allowing for accurate diagnosis and treatment. Radiology is fascinating, and there’s always something new to learn more.


In a vet diagnostic lab, looking into the microscopic world is vital. That’s where parasitology comes in, revealing parasites within animal bodies and helping early detection and treatment of parasitic infections.

Molecular Diagnostics in Veterinary Practice

Molecular diagnostics combines traditional clinical laboratory techniques with modern molecular biology. In simpler terms, it deals with genes, allowing these labs to diagnose genetic diseases, complex infections, and even cancer.

Veterinary Diagnostic Services

No matter how advanced, tests are only as useful as their interpretation. That’s why veterinarians rely on professional veterinary diagnostic services to correctly read test results and establish the best animal care path.

On the other hand, pet lab tests extend further than disease diagnosis. They also involve routine checks to ensure an animal’s overall health. From routine checkups to advanced diagnostics, a vet diagnostic lab is equipped to handle an extensive range of animal health needs.

The Giving Side of Veterinary Medicine

It may surprise you to know that pet blood donations are a thing! Just like humans, animals can require blood transfusions in certain situations, such as surgeries, accidents, or treatment for blood disorders. Some establishments, like the ones at Veterinary Referral Associates, even have dedicated blood donation programs for pets.


Veterinary diagnostic laboratories play a vital role in animal health care. With their array of advanced tests and procedures, these labs not only help diagnose health problems but also aid in maintaining the general wellness of our furry friends. It’s fascinating to know what goes on behind the scenes, yet it’s the results we see and rejoice in when our pet’s tail wags once again.